1 edition of Endogenous time preference and endogenous growth. found in the catalog.
Endogenous time preference and endogenous growth.
Includes bibliographical references.
|Series||IMF working paper -- WP/94/16|
|Contributions||International Monetary Fund.|
|The Physical Object|
|Pagination||16 p. ;|
|Number of Pages||16|
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Additional Physical Format: Online version: Zee, Howell H. (Howell Hang). Endogenous time preference and endogenous growth. [Washington, D.C.]: International. Get this from a library. Endogenous time preference and endogenous growth. [Howell H Zee; International Monetary Fund.
Fiscal Affairs Department,] -- Annotation The present paper develops a one-sector aggregate endogenous growth model with intertemporal preference dependence. the resultant model possesses the fundamental property of growth. Downloadable. The present paper develops a one-sector aggregate endogenous growth model with intertemporal preference dependence.
The resultant model possesses the fundamental property of growth convergence, in the sense that countries with identical parameters regarding technology, preference, and government policy will converge to a steady state with the same (positive) growth rate.
Monetary policy and endogenous time preference Article (PDF Available) in Journal of Economic Studies 33(January) January with 77 Reads How we measure 'reads'. Downloadable. The paper develops an AK endogenous growth model with an endogenously determined rate of intertemporal preference. Following some of the related literature, we assume that the degree of impatience that is revealed by the representative agent, regarding future consumption, depends on income.
To be precise, the proposed framework establishes a link between the output gap and the. the implications of endogenous time preference the effects of economic integration on growth and pollution. This well written and accessible book provides an extensive introduction to the issues of sustainability and endogenous growth, enhanced by a comprehensive review of the associated literature.
It will be required reading for environmental Cited by: In this paper, we consider an AK-model of growth and distribution with endogenous time preferences and borrowing constraints. The concept of endogenous time preferences was first proposed by Koopmans () and Uzawa () and was later extended and clarified by Epstein and Hynes ().
Most of the earlier studies dealing with endogenous time Cited by: 2. Endogenous growth theory holds that economic growth is primarily the result of endogenous and not external forces. Endogenous growth theory holds that investment in human capital, innovation, and knowledge are significant contributors to economic theory also focuses on positive externalities and spillover effects of a knowledge-based economy which will lead to economic.
We introduce endogenous probability of survival in the Keynes-Ramsey optimal growth model. An individual's probability of survival is assumed to be dependent on past levels of consumption. Endogenous probability of survival implies that the rate of time preference (or degree of patience) of an individual is endogenously by: 7.
Uzawa H. (), “Time Preference, the Consumption Function and Optimum Asset Holdings", in Wolfe, editor, Value, Capital and Growth.: Papers in honor of Sir John Hicks (Chigaco: Aline). ZEE H.-H. (), “Endogenous time preference and endogenous growth”, International Economic Journal, Vol Number 2, pp.
Optimal international debt and endogenous time preference increases since the weights attached to future income streams increase. In a steady state the equilibrium interest rate would become smaller as consumption increases and hence the capital stock will become.
Exogenous Preference-- one that comes from outside the model and is unexplained by the model. Endogenous Preference -- preferences then cannot be taken as given, but are affected by individual internal responses to the external state of affairs.
Endogenous Variable: An endogenous variable is a classification of a variable generated by a statistical model that is explained by the relationships between functions within the model.
For Author: Will Kenton. Optimal population growth as an endogenous discounting problem: The Ramsey case R. Boucekkiney B. Mart nezz J. Ruiz-Tamarit x Aug Abstract This paper revisits the optimal population size problem in a continuous time Ramsey setting with costly child rearing and both intergenerational and intertemporal altruism.
The social. Transitional Dynamics, Endogenous Growth A Cobb–Douglas Example A CES Example Concluding Observations Appendix: Endogenous Growth in the One-Sector Model Problems 5Two-Sector Models of Endogenous Growth (with Special Attention to the Role of Human Capital) File Size: KB.
This paper develops and access the implications of the exogenous growth model of Stokey() for the augment endogenous time preference and the effect of public finance on pollution. The model predicts that tax can change consumers' time preference, then it also affect pollution stock. The model implies that in the poor economy taxing on consumption will decrease the capital stock and may do.
Book Description This book develops a new theoretical framework to examine the issues of economic growth and development. Providing analysis of economic dynamics in a competitive economy under government intervention in infrastructure and income distribution, the book develops a unique analytical framework under the influence of traditional neoclassical growth theory.
Endogenous growth theory holds that economic growth is primarily the result of endogenous and not external forces.
 Endogenous growth theory holds that investment in human capital, innovation, and knowledge are significant contributors to economic theory also focuses on positive externalities and spillover effects of a knowledge-based economy which will lead to economic. The Post-Keynesian theory of endogenous money is typically used to explain the operations in advanced economies like the US.
While the core ideas are relevant for all market economies, developing economies have additional features which complicate the process. These may include: the local currency is not accepted as a means of payment for international transactions, so Author: Luis Alfredo Castillo Polanco, Ted P.
Schmidt. The endogenous growth literature has a long tradition of identifying technical change as the primary source of sustained economic growth, dating back to the seminal papers by Romer () and Aghion and Howitt (). In these papers, economic growth results from vertical or from horizontal innovations (creative destruction).
Romer, P.M. () The Original of Endogenous Growth. Journal of Economic Perspectives, No. 8, has been cited by the following article: TITLE: Research on Fiscal Decentralization, Local Government’s Behavior Preference and Technology Investment Efficiency—Based on Chinese.
The purpose of this paper is to shed light on the endogenous nature of money. Contrary to the established post-Keynesian, or evolutionary, view, this paper argues that money has always been endogenous, irrespective of the historical period.
Instead of the evolutionary theory of money and banking that can be traced back to Chick (), this paper puts forward a revolutionary definition of Cited by: It has long been recognized that individuals' preferences adapt to the social, economic and legal environment in which they take part, in addition to reacting to incentives and constraints given these preferences.
Therefore, the design of such incentives via legislation or regulation should better take into account also its own effect on preferences, in order to avoid endogenous preference. Consider a continuous time and multi-sector model of optimal endogenous growth that includes two heterogenous capitals with a strictly concave felicity function and with convex technology.
And suppose that structures of preference and of technology in this hypothetical model permit a BGP to : Kazuo Nishimura. This paper presents a Schumpeterian endogenous growth model in which a steady state exists with a constant growth rate even though population and the inputs to R & D are growing.
The scale effect of rising population is nullified by product proliferation that fragments the growing demand for intermediate products, thus preventing the reward to.
In the language of economic modeling, preferences become endogenous once there are other variables that influence them, in contrast to the conventional approach in which they are treated as being fixed (Fehr and Hoff ).
Once anyone influences any preference, one can speak of preference by: 4. Positional Preferences, Endogenous Growth, and Optimal Income- and Consumption Taxation1 Sugata Ghosh a,* Ronald Wendner b,* a Department of Economics and Finance, Brunel University, U.K. b Department of Economics, University of Graz, Austria 21 November Abstract.
This paper analyzes the impact of positional preferences, exhibiting conspicuousCited by: 2. Shin-ichi Fukuda rate of time preference of the representative agent, that is, P(1 + r) = 1, in the following analysis.* We also normarize foreign price p* to be one.
Until sectionwe assume that exogenous income y, is constant over timeAuthor: Shin-ichi Fukuda. One of the main tenets of post-Keynesian economics is that money is endogenous, meaning that the supply of money is determined by the demand for loans, and the latter originates within the economic system in order to finance the production and accumulation processes or the upsurge of speculative purchases.
The main policy implication of this theory is that money and monetary policy are not Author: Giuseppe Fontana. This chapter presents a unified framework for understanding the implication of ‘learning by doing’ in endogenous growth models.
It considers three different ways in which the concept of ‘learning by doing’ has been exploited by the endogenous growth theory. The seminal work dates back to Kenneth Arrow (), who took a significant step towards offering a theory of labour augmentation Author: Dipankar Dasgupta. Fontana, G. () ‘Post Keynesian approaches to endogenous money: A time framework explanation’, Review of Political Economy, 15(3), – CrossRef Google Scholar Fontana, G.
(a) ‘Hicks on monetary theory and history: money as endogenous money’, Cambridge Journal of Economics, Author: Giuseppe Fontana. Money supply: Exogenous and Endogenous The question as to whether money supply is exogenous or endogenous has long been debated amongst monetary economists.
Two schools of thought, originating from Keynesian and monetarist sources, have merged over time, resulting in a consensus that money is exogenous.
Endogenous Liquidity in Asset Markets 13 and though most parameters are assigned standard values, they are not based on data from specific markets. The value of the risk aversion parameter a is 2. The discount rate fJ = and the death rate 8 = together imply an effective rate of time preference.
The genomes of living organisms are richly imbued with endogenous viral sequences, accumulated across the broad expanse of evolutionary time. While the most abundant and best studied of these are the endogenous retroviruses (ERV), we now appreciate that all manner of viruses have contributed sequences to host germline DNA.
In addition to xed location characteristics, we model two types of endogenous amenities that vary over time: direct congestion e ects from tourists and indirect e ects through the market for di erent consumption amenities. To the best of our knowledge, existing work only models amenities as a one-dimensional function of a.
Endogenous Growth Relative Income Wealth Distribution Positional Preference Balance Growth Path These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm : Jörn Kleinert, Ronald Wendner.
Posts about endogenous written by Colin McKay. Lévi tells us that “(t)he notion of the infinite and the absolute is expressed by this sign the most simple and complete abridgment of the science of all things” 3: The Double Triangle of Solomon, represented by the two Ancients of the Kabbalah; the Macroprosopus and the Microprosopus; the God of Light and the God of Reflections; mercy.
endogenous selection of entrants gives rise to an increase in long-run uncertainty of growth prospects. With recursive preference, the household requires a high risk premium to compen-sate the long-run risk. The calibrated endogenous entry model can produce an equity premium of %, and a low and stable risk-free rate of %.
The growth rate was as high as % p.a. on average frombut fell to about % - p.a. from and was only % in the Naughties prior to the crisis – after which it has plunged to an average of just % p.a.
(see Table 1). Table 1: US Real growth rates per annum by decade. Talking about “endogenous money” isn’t helpful. Because unless you have a model where the central bank holds the stock of money fixed, or growing at some fixed rate, (and Noah does not) then the stock of money will depend on other things in the model, which makes it (quite trivially) endogenous in the normal meaning of that word.
Moreover, in our model the status quo constitution is the prevailing one, and thus the status quo (in this dimension) is endogenous over time as in Baron (), Diermeier and Fong (), and Bowen, Chen, and Eraslan (). The paper is also related to a number of other lines of work.In this paper, we extend the preference-based formulation of money illusion by Basak and Yan () and incorporate this extension into an endogenous growth model.
We study how the presence of money illusion affects the relationship between inﬂation and long-run economic growth. Endogenous growth is introduced by adopting the one-sector AK.